Becoming Parents - Common Questions
Q: Why would someone choose surrogacy over adoption?
A: Adoption is a wonderful choice for many people. However, surrogacy has a number of practical and medical advantages. When egg and/or sperm from the intended parents are used, there can be an actual genetic relationship to the child. In gestational surrogacies, embryos are created outside the womb through In Vitro Fertilization (IVF). Pre-implantation genetic diagnosis (PGD) is a critically valuable innovation practiced at the more sophisticated medical centers. Before implantation occurs, PGD can detect certain chromosomal abnormalities in the embryo typically discovered mid-pregnancy. Moreover, unlike in most adoptions, intended parents closely monitor the health and progress of the pregnancy and birth. The carrier’s obligations and compensation are governed by contract, which provides a distinct measure of security to all involved. In contrast with adoption, the carrier in a surrogacy has significantly diminished to non-existent parental rights once the baby is born.
Q: What is a gestational carrier?
A: Gestational carriers are women who choose to carry a pregnancy for those who cannot carry a pregnancy to term without help, there is no genetic connection on the part of the surrogate.
Q: Can the surrogate acquire legal custody to the child?
A: If the intended parents fulfill their contractual obligations, it would be virtually impossible for a gestational carrier to acquire legal custody after the birth. The surrogate has no genetic relation to the child. In states where a pre-birth order can be obtained, the intended parents appear on the original birth certificate.
Q: Is surrogacy legal everywhere?
A: Intended parents may live anywhere in the United States, and A Host of Possibilities will work with intended parents from all US states and a number of countries overseas. However, since statutes and case law are different in every state, carriers must reside and deliver in a state where it is legally accepted.
Q: Where do the medical procedures take place?
A: The participants decide, along with A Host of Possibilities recommendations, on a reputable IVF clinic that is conveniently located to the intended parents, and/or donor and/or carrier. Travel may be required for some of the parties.
Q: I've heard most medical insurance plans have a surrogacy exclusion, can our surrogate get insurance?
A: While some insurance policies still provide medical coverage for a surrogate, many others specifically exclude surrogacy pregnancies. Unfortunately, the later is the more common situation. We make sure that either your surrogate already has appropriate insurance in place or that we can obtain it for her. If you are an international intended parent, you will need to arrange for private insurance to cover your child once born. If you are insured in the United States, your own health insurance will cover the costs of the baby.